Database Sources

Trustable data from various reputable sources of academic and online sources.

Our goal is to use those published sources which are authentic and widely agreed upon to be trustworthy for the Shabad OS database. We do not dictate what gurbani should be, nor do we bias our data with our personal beliefs. If it is written or printed a certain way, we believe it should be digitally represented the same way as best as possible. We use this list of sources to maintain accuracy between the physical sources of Sikh bani and panthic texts with our digital database.

As typical of many old, historical works, most gurbani and panthic texts are free of known copyright restrictions. We identify it as being in the public domain as a work of factual compilation with originality. The honor and reputation of the original works are to be maintained. Derogatory treatments (including adding to, deleting from, altering of, or adapting) the words in a way that distorts or mutilates the original work is forbidden. That is why, whenever possible, physical sources are used to determine the digital representation of these works as to avoid any controversy.

Citations for accuracy and review are based on MLA formatting. More often than not, a condensed version of the following is used when citing changes to any of the sources in the database:

Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, City of Publication, Publication Date, Location. Date of access.

Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Shabadaarth. Vol. 1-4, SGPC, Sri Amritsar, 2009-2012, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

Vishraam / Pauses:

Dauder, Jaswant S. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Shudh Ucharan, Arth Paath Vishraam Pothi, Sri Damdami Taksaal, Oct 2015, Accessed 18 May 2020.

Arth / Translations:

Singh, Sahib. Sri Guru Granth Darpan. Vol. 1-10, Raaj Publishers, Hoshiarpur/Jalandhar, 1972, Accessed 18 May 2020.

Singh, Badan. Fridkot Wala Teeka. Bh. Baljinder Singh Rara Sahib, Accessed 24 May 2020.

Khalsa, Sant Singh. Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Vol 1-5, version 2.5, SikhNet, Española, Nov 2015, Accessed 12 Jun 2021.

Singh, Manmohan. Sri Guru Granth Sahib (English & Punjabi Translation). Vol 1-8, 6th & 8th ed., SGPC, Amritsar, 2006-2009. Accessed 24 May 2020.

Sri Dasam Granth

ਜਾਪੁ ਸਾਹਿਬ, ਤ੍ਵ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਸਵਯੇ (ਸ੍ਰਾਵਗ ਸੁਧ), ਕਬਿਯੋਬਾਚ ਬੇਨਤੀ ਚੌਪਈ, ਤ੍ਵ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਸ੍ਵਯੇ (ਦੀਨਨ ਕੀ), ਚਉਬੀਸ ਅਵਤਾਰ (Ending Savaiya and Dohira), ਵਾਰ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਭਗਉਤੀ ਜੀ ਕੀ (First Pauri):

Nitnem Te Hor Baniaa(n). SGPC, Sri Amritsar, May 2017, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

ਸ਼ਬਦ ਹਜ਼ਾਰੇ ਪਾਤਿਸ਼ਾਹੀ ੧੦, ਅਕਾਲ ਉਸਤਤ, ਬਚਿਤ੍ਰ ਨਾਟਕ, ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰ ਉਕਤਿ ਬਿਲਾਸ, ਚੰਡੀ ਚਰਿਤ੍ਰ, ਵਾਰ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਭਗਉਤੀ ਜੀ ਕੀ, ਗਿਆਨ ਪ੍ਰਬੋਧ:

Das Granthi. SGPC, Sri Amritsar, Jul 2014.

Das Granthi. SGPC, Sri Amritsar, Mar 2006, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.


Padam, Piara S. Zafarnama. 6th ed., Singh Brothers, Amritsar, Sep 2013, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.


Dasam Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Vol. 1-2, Baba Teja Singh Ji Nihung Singh Mehron Wale, Moga Punjab, 2011.

Ramgarhia, Eshar S. Dasam Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Shiromani Steek. 1st ed., Vol. 1-6, Baba Teja Singh Ji Nihung Singh Mehron Wale, Moga Punjab, Vaisakhi 1999, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

Arth / Translation:

Jaggi, Ratan S. Sri Dasam Granth. Gobind Sadan, New Delhi, Created 15 Sep 2007. Uploaded 02 Nov 2017. Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

Bhai Gurdaas Ji

Ashok, Shamsher S, and Chakar, Amar S. Varan Giaan Ratnaavli Bhai Gurdaas Ji. SGPC, Sri Amritsar, Nov 2011, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

Amrit Keertan. 40th ed., Khalsa Brothers, Amritsar, Jul 2011, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

Singh, Sewa. Kabit Sawaiye Bhai Gurdas Ji Steek. 7th ed., Singh Brothers, Amritsar, Dec 2011, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

Teeka / Translation:

Singh, Vir. Varan Bhai Gurdas Steek. 22nd ed., New Delhi, Jul 2012, Accessed 18 May 2020.

Singh, Jodh. Vārān Bhāī Gurdās (Text, Transliteration, and Translation). Vol. 1-2, 2nd ed., B. Chattar Singh Jiwan Singh, Amritsar, 2013, Accessed 18 May 2020.

Bhai Nand Laal Ji

Ghazals, Zindagi Nama, Ganj Nama, Jot Bigas (Punjabi & Farsi), Rehit Nama, Tankah Nama, Dasturul-Insa, Arjul-Alfaz, Tausifo-Sana, Khatima and their Punjabi Translations:

Singh, Ganda. Bhai Nand Lal Granthavali. 4th ed., Punjabi University, Patiala, 2009, Accessed 22 Jan 2019.

English Translations:

Kalaam-e-Goya. Translated by Pritpal S Bindra, Institute of Sikh Studies, Chandigarh, 2003